بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Praise be to Allaah.
The E’id prayer is simple and easy, I have tried to make the intructions below clear and easy t follow. The prayer as described below is how the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did when he led the prayer, it is how Abu Bakr did, it os how Umar did, it is how Uthman did and it is how Ali Ibn Abu Taalib did it, may Allah be pleased with them all.
The E’id prayer, whether the Fitr or Adha prayer, is one where the imam attends and leads the people in two rak’aat.
‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The prayer of al-Fitr is two rak’ahs and the prayer of al-Adha is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of your Prophet, and the one who fabricates lies is doomed.” Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1420 and Ibn Khuzaymah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.
It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha to the prayer place, and the first thing he would do was to offer the prayer. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 956
In the first rak’ah he should say Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu akbar” to start the prayer), after which he should say six or seven more takbeers, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her).
“The takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adha is seven takbeers in the first rak’ah and five takbeers in the second, apart from the takbeer of rukoo’.” Narrated by Abu Dawood and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 639.
Then he should recite al-Faatihah, and recite a surah that is known to him, preferably either al’Ala or Surah Qaf in the first rak’ah.
In the second rak’ah he should stand up saying takbeer, and when he has stood up completely he should say takbeer five times, and recite Surah al-Faatihah then Surah al-Ghashiyyah or al-Qamr.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite these two surahs during the two Eids. Or if he wishes he can recite Soorat al-A’la in the first rak’ah and Soorat al-Ghaashiyah in the second, because it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite al-A’la and al-Ghaashiyah in the Eid prayer.
EID SALAH IS COMPLETED AFTER THE TASHAHOOD AND TASLEEM
The imam should revive the Sunnah by reciting these surahs so that the Muslims will become familiar with the Sunnah.
After the prayer, the imam should address the people. Part of the khutbah should be addressed specifically to the women, telling them of the things that they should do and warning them against the things that they should avoid, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do.
REMEMBER – The prayer comes before the khutbah
One of the rulings of Eid is that the prayer comes before the khutbah, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah who said, The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out on the day of al-Fitr and started with the prayer before the khutbah. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 958; Muslim, 885.
Another indication that the khutbah comes after the prayer is the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said:
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out to the prayer place on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha, and the first thing he would start with was the prayer, then he would go and stand facing the people, while the people were sitting in their rows, and he would preach to them and advise them and command them. If he wanted to send out a military expedition he would do so and if he wanted to tell the people to do something he would do so, then he would leave.
Abu Sa’eed said: The people continued to do that until I went out with Marwaan – who was the governor of Madeenah – on Eid al-Adha or Eid al-Fitr, and when we came to the prayer-place, there was a minbar that had been built by Katheer ibn al-Salt. When Marwaan wanted to ascend it before he prayed, I grabbed his garment and he pushed me away and climbed up and delivered the khutbah before the prayer.
I said, “You have changed it by Allaah.”
He said, “O Abu Sa’eed, what you knew has gone.”
I said, “What I know, by Allaah, is better than what I do not know.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 956.
POSITION OF THE HOME JAMAAH
The imam is to be at the front, if there are more than 3 people they should line up behind the Imam, if there is one person and the imam, they should be to his right and a little back.
The females are to lign up behind the males.
An odd number or rows is prefered and closer to the sunnah.
We ask Allah to acept our ‘Ibadah, sacrifice, prayers and striving in His cause this Eid Al-Adha, and at all times.
والله تعالى أعلم
وصلى اللهم وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه والتابعين
أخوك أبو ناصر